Latest articles

For a longer list of recent articles, together with their abstracts, go to Latest Additions.


  1. December 2022 – Not That Interchangeable: Middleton’s and Rowley’s The Changeling (1622) - by Sara Rogalski   Extract from The Changeling, Act 4, Scene 2   In The Literary Encyclopedia, Anja Mueller-Wood speaks of “principles of change and replacement” as being “central” to The Changeling, a play first performed in 1622, and collaboratively written by Thomas Middleton and William Rowley. There is, of course, Antonio, the play’s changeling himself, in the sub-plot, and Beatrice’s maid in the main plot, who “substitutes her during her wedding-night to keep her husband in the dark about the loss of her virginity.” Besides that, there are more changelings in the sense of “fickle or inconstant” characters… Continue Reading
  2. The Literary Advent Calendar 2022 is here - As is a tradition at Connotations, we are once again happy to host the Literary Advent Calendar 2022, this time with the title “Concerning Fireplaces and Other Energy Questions,” for the English department at Eberhard Karls University Tübingen. This year we will bring cosy warmth into our cold homes through stories about small and large fires and fireplaces.  Starting on 1 December, every day brings a little seasonal cheer in the form of a literary soundbite on the topic of giving, selected and read by students and staff - just click on the little Santa to the right and start opening the… Continue Reading
  3. November 2022 – Elizabeth von Arnim’s The Enchanted April (1922) - by Francesca Pierini The notion of Italy as a country relatively free of class constraints and stark social divisions – a space appropriate for returning to unaffected behaviour, sensual openness, and existential re-invention – is part of a composite constellation of counter-values to British standards and ideals that have been most diversely imagined and articulated by a variety of authors writing in English. Elizabeth von Arnim’s The Enchanted April (1922), a novel greatly successful at the time of its publication, re-articulates, in a distinctively brilliant and light-hearted key, the necessity to relinquish excessive attachment to duty, social restrictions, and posturing,… Continue Reading
  4. October 2022 – Walter Pater’s “A Prince of Court Painters”: A Covert Autobiography and Museum Trips - by Anna Budziak “A Prince of Court Painters,” a story about the painter Antoine Watteau, was composed when Pater had already known the taste of fame and the sting of criticism. Although he wished it to be published unsigned, it appeared, in October 1885, in Macmillan’s Magazine, with his name revealed.2) Soon, it was followed by three other narratives: the stories of a melancholic and philosophically inclined youth; a mysterious medieval craftsman; and a fabulously rich, Romantic art collector and amateur archaeologist, the fictional Duke Carl of Rosenmold, journeying, like Johann Winckelmann, from Germany to Italy. They were… Continue Reading